LANDSCAPE-ECOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF DRY LANDS AT THE RUSSIAN-KAZAKHSTAN BORDER TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABLE LAND USE
Krasnoyarova B., Orlova I., Plutalova T., Sharabarina S. LANDSCAPE-ECOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF DRY LANDS AT THE RUSSIAN-KAZAKHSTAN BORDER TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABLE LAND USE // Arid ecosystems. 2019. V. 25. № 3 (80). P. 11-18. | PDF
Based on the integration of landscape, landscape-ecological and agroecological scientific approaches, as well as landscape planning tools, the author’s algorithm for landscape-ecological assessment of dry lands has been developed and implemented: the analysis of landscape structure of the territory and dynamic of land use; the assessment of potential natural resistance of landscapes to agricultural impact and evaluation of agricultural quality of landscapes; functional zoning of the territory; proposals on optimization of agricultural use of dry-steppe landscapes.
The assessment of the potential natural resistance of landscapes to agricultural impacts showed that 92% of the Russian-Kazakhstan border area is occupied by landscapes sensible to agricultural impact. According to the assessment of agricultural quality of landscapes, 73% of agricultural land is occupied by landscapes with low agricultural quality. Landscapes of good and medium agricultural quality account for 19% of the area under study.
Based on the results of assessments, recommendations on sustainable land use in the dry steppe zone are proposed.
Keywords: dry steppe landscapes, agricultural impact, environmentally acceptable land use, functional zoning.
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