REPUBLIC OF KYRGYZSTAN WATER POTENTIAL: PROBLEMS AND POTENTIALS FOR THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Nuralieva N.M. REPUBLIC OF KYRGYZSTAN WATER POTENTIAL: PROBLEMS AND POTENTIALS FOR THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT // Arid ecosystems. 2022. V.28. № 2 (91). P. 85-93. | PDF
Irrigation remains an essential component of food security in many countries around the world. And Kyrgyzstan is one of these. At the same time, the water resources of Kyrgyzstan are still not used fully efficiently. This study demonstrates an assessment of the conditions of the Kyrgyz Republic water resources formation and their quality evaluation. The assessment is based on an analysis of a new draft State Program for the Development of Irrigation of the Kyrgyz Republic in 2017-2026 and on the evaluation of the irrigation facilities in the Republic. Moreover, the relevance, economic and technical indicators of these facilities were taken into account. Modern realities demonstrate natural resources have to be used carefully and rationally. High-quality and safe water is becoming one of the most demanded resources in many countries of the world. So, the «water powers» can make water their strategic resource. However, the operation and maintenance of water systems require considerable financial investments. Payment for water use can become the basis for reforming the economic mechanism of interstate relations. As the result of the study was formulated substantiated directions of the strategic modernization of the reclamation fund, the expansion of the scope of the reclamation measures carried out that are linked to the priority measures for the development of the water balance rational using.
Keywords: water resources, water distribution, irrigation, water losses, effective water conservation, agriculture; water policy, food security.
Financing. The research was carried out within the framework of the research program of the Department of Economics, Management and Tourism of S. Naamatov Naryn State University.