Koroleva E.G., Dikareva T.V., Dikarev V.A. EVALUATION OF THE NATURALLY CAUSED HAZRADS IN THE «ILE-BALKHASH» NATURE RESERVE, KAZAKHSTAN // Arid ecosystems. 2019. V. 25. № 4 (81). P. 61-70. | PDF
In this article we evaluate medically, ecologically and biogeographically the potential naturally caused hazards in the territory of the “Ile-Balkhash” nature reserve of the Republic of Kazakhstan, considering the tourist activities, planned for this reserve. The analysis of the influence factors was carried out for the allergenic and poisonous plants, as well as for the natural niduses. The medical-geographical risk is in the functioning of 5 natural niduses of nosological entities in the reserve’s territory; tularemia and brucellosis have the highest sickness rate among people throughout the region. The presence of vector-mammals and growth of many poisonous and allergenic plants in those territories prove the danger and suppose the necessity of regular medical-ecological monitoring. The present methodological evaluation scheme of such naturally caused hazards can be applied for other arid regions as well.
Keywords: natural reserve, naturally caused hazard, allergenic plants, natural focal infections.