Dimeyeva L.A., Salmukhanbetova Zh.K., Malakhov D.V. MAPPING RANGELANDS OF WILD UNGULATES IN THE BARSA KELMES NATURE RESERVE (KAZAKHSTAN) // Arid Ecosystems. 2022. Vol. 28. № 4 (93). P. 153-162. | PDF
The article presents a medium–scale Rangeland map of the Kaskakulan cluster area in the Barsa Kelmes Nature Reserve, where wild ungulates – kulans, saigas and goitered gazelles live. Ground and remote sensing data were used to develop the map. The author’s methodology and a set of spectral indices were used processing satellite data. Based on the interpretation of satellite images, maps of seasonal rangeland yields have been developed which were considered in calculating the aboveground phytomass. The legend to the map is a system of headings that take into account zoning, ecological and physiognomic vegetation types and soil conditions. The types of rangelands are reflected in the legend by 15 mapping units, for each the aboveground phytomass for the seasons of the year is given.The map can be used for assessment of forage resourses of the territory and determination of the permissible number of wild ungulates to maintain ecosystems in a balanced state.
Financing. The research was carried out with the financial support of the Mikael Zukkov Foundation (ScpFoundation / Greifswald, Germany) through the Association for the Conservation of Biodiversity of Kazakhstan and the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Armin M., Majidian M., Kheybari V.G. Land Use/Land Cover Change Detection and Prediction in the Yasouj City Suburbs in Kohgiluyeh va Boyerahmad Province in Iran // Arid ecosystems. 2020. V. 26. № 3 (84). P. 40-49. | PDF
Land cover change has direct effect on ecological functions and processes of landscape and natural resources. Forest degradation affects watershed processes and biochemical cycles and leads to soil erosion and water shortage; therefore it is necessary that the spatial dimensions of land use and land cover are identified regularly so that the policy makers and researchers are enabled to make the necessary decisions. Patterns of land use and land cover changes indicate the changes in social and economic conditions. Monitoring such changes is essential for coordinated activities at national and international levels. In recent years, due to easy access to satellite imagery and capabilities of GIS, land use and land cover changes modeling and prediction is very common. To this end, different methods such as statistical techniques like logistic regression, Markov chain analysis and cellular automata have been developed. This study has been done to investigate the land use and land cover changes in Yasouj city area using CA-Markov from 1987 to 2039. Markov chain analysis will describe land use changes from one to another period and use this as a basis to project future changes. This is possible with the development of land use change transition probability matrix from one time to another; which indicates the nature of changes and its application to project changes in the next time period. Results of model and its simulation showed that the area percentage of natural lands (forests and rangelands) in 1987, 1999, 2013 and 2039 was 90, 82, 73 and 59 respectively. The area percentage of man-made lands (farmlands and residential area) in 1987, 1999, 2013 and 2039 was 10, 18, 27 and 41 respectively. Therefore, it can be said that the natural lands in the study area are becoming man-made lands so that in about 40 years (1987 — 2013), about 30% of the natural lands will decrease. This could have dangerous environmental consequences for the study area. Results of logistic regression with Pseudo R2 0.3 and ROC about 0.8 represent the relative agreement of the model with actual changes and the appropriate ability of the model for estimating changes in land use and land cover in the last 26 years. Results on simulation of land cover map in 2013 and 2039 showed that CA-Markov has a high ability and capability in land cover changes modeling. In this study the accuracy of the resulting land cover map was 80%.
Keywords: Land use/Land cover Changes, Remote Sensing, Markov- Cellular Automata, Yasouj City Area.