ECOLOGICAL ADAPTATION OF AGRICULTURAL LAND UTILIZATION UNDER CONDITIONS OF CLIMATE CHANGES IN THE REPUBLIC OF BURYATIA
Boldanov T.A., Mukhin G.D. ECOLOGICAL ADAPTATION OF AGRICULTURAL LAND UTILIZATION UNDER CONDITIONS OF CLIMATE CHANGES IN THE REPUBLIC OF BURYATIA // Arid ecosystems. 2019. V. 25. № 1 (78). P. 10-19. | PDF
Based on the analysis of climatic data from meteorological stations of Republic Buryatia from 1970 to 2015 temperature’s trends and precipitation’s changes were determined in different regions of the Republic. The global warming, reduction of the precipitation, the annual increase in the amplitude of climatic data, climate aridization and, probably, the growth of continental climate were determined as a fact. The spontaneous adaptation of the area and structure of crops, the number and structure of grazing cattle to changing conditions were also stated.
The general directions of systematic adaptation of agricultural nature management were formulated in connection with climate aridization: optimization use of cultivated land, irrigation opportunities, development of traditional cattle breeding based on small forms of farming with the most adaptive number of grazing livestock
Keywords: global climate change, regional climate trends, the dynamics of average annual temperatures and precipitation, environmental risks, climate adaptation.