Gusev E.M. INEVITABILITY AND PERSPECTIVES OF UTILIZATION OF THE “GREEN TECHNOLOGY” STRATEGY BY HUMANITY // Arid ecosystems. 2019. V. 25. № 3 (80). P. 3-10. | PDF
In this article we present a physically grounding for the main ecology laws of B. Commoner. We show that the evolution of dissipative structures on Earth, including life forms and systems next after organismic level, obey to the fundamental principle, which is G. Ziegler entropy production maximum principle. However, when a system is close to its stationary state, caused by the depleting of the free energy accessible to the dissipative structures, the evolutional changes are replaced by the relatively slow processes of homeostasis optimization of the newly-created structures. At this point I. Prigozhin entropy production minimum principle becomes the main one. We show that at the modern phase of Holocene humanity has found itself in such satiation when it has to and is inevitable to use the available resources. Such rationalization has already been implemented by the Nature in the end of the previous phase of evolution (without humanity contribution), on the basis of biota’s ability, which was developing throughout milliards of years, to regulate and stabilize the planet’s biosphere. Therefore, on the modern phase of evolution B. Commoner ecology law works: the Nature knows better. We demonstrate that humanity is already under the influence of that law. In the last two decades a so-called “green economy” has formed; it is a trend of economical science allowing us to consider the economy to be a dependent part of natural environment, in which it exists. We also show that the usage of “green agriculture” grows wider in agriculture and associated specter of water industry (especially, in arid and semi-arid regions), and it greatly compensates the increasing challenges to the food and water safety of humanity.
Keywords: main ecology laws, dissipative structures, Ziegler entropy production maximum principle, Prigozhin entropy production minimum principle, nature-based processes, green technology.