QUANTITATIVE CLIMATE INDICATORS AS APPLIED TO THE ASSESSMENT OF HYDROTHERMAL CONDITIONS IN THE REPUBLIC OF KALMYKIA
Shumova N.A. QUANTITATIVE CLIMATE INDICATORS AS APPLIED TO THE ASSESSMENT OF HYDROTHERMAL CONDITIONS IN THE REPUBLIC OF KALMYKIA // Arid ecosystems. 2021. V.27. № 4 (88). P. 13-24. | PDF
The study is aimed at studying the reliability of estimates of the dynamics of hydrothermal conditions in the Republic of Kalmykia for the period 1966-2017, obtained based on the use of quantitative climate indicators, namely, the Selyaninov hydrothermal coefficient, the moisture coefficient, the Thornthwaite aridity index, the Köppen method and the Holdridge scheme. The analysis of the results obtained showed that the greatest reliability is inherent in climatic estimates made on the basis of the Selyaninov hydrothermal coefficient, the Köppen method and the Holdridge scheme. The estimates made using the Thornthwaite aridity index do not reflect the current climatic conditions of the study area and are unreliable.
Keywords: quantitative indicators of climate, natural zones, regional level, Republic of Kalmykia.
Financing. This research was carried out within the state assignment of Water Problems Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Section 2.6 “Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems under the Changing Natural Conditions”, Theme “Modeling and Forecasting of the Processes of Water and Ecosystems Quality Restoration under Various Scenarios of Climate Change and Anthropogenic Activities” No. 0147-2018-0002, state registration No. АААА-А18-118022090104-8.