PECULIARITIES OF THE ANNUAL AND SEASONAL DYNAMICS OF THE ECOLOGICAL STATE OF THE SALINE LAKES LOCATED IN ARID CLIMATE IN CRIMEA
Rudneva I.I., Shaida V.G., Scherba А.V. PECULIARITIES OF THE ANNUAL AND SEASONAL DYNAMICS OF THE ECOLOGICAL STATE OF THE SALINE LAKES LOCATED IN ARID CLIMATE IN CRIMEA // Arid ecosystems. 2022. V.28. № 3 (92). P. 117-125. | PDF
On Crimea peninsula there are several unique lakes of different genesis, which characterize high quality recreational and balneological properties. These water bodies are impacted for anthropogenic activities, caused negative consequences for the total ecosystem, including the lost of biological and hydromineralogical resources. At several cases, the water bodies located not far from each other greatly differ because of anthropogenic activity. For instance, Moinaky Lake is located at the west part of the Eupatoria city (Crimea), at present it is divided by the sand barrier in two parts namely Moinaky 1 (big part) and Moinaky 2 (small part). The aim of the present work was to study several physical and chemical characteristics of the water ( temperature, pH, Eh, salinity, oxygen content) in both basins and the population state of brine shrimp Artemia salina at the period of 2018-2020. We studied the hydrochemical parameters of the water namely temperature, рН, oxygen concentration, salinity and Eh) monthly in both water bodies, divided by sand barrier. Seasonal dynamics of the tested parameters was characterized by the increase of salinity and Eh in summer period, accompanied with the increasing temperature of the air and water caused high insolation. Simultaneously, the concentration of the oxygen dropped and the insignificant decrease of pH was observed. The differences between the tested processes in both water bodies were shown, which were more clearly in Moinaky 2 as compared with Moinaky 1. Artemia cysts were found in both basins, while nauplia and adults were found only in Moinaky 2 at autumn and winter 2020, after dry period and restoration of the hydrological regime.
Keywords: hypersaline lakes, Crimea Peninsula, pH, Eh, salinity, oxygen content.
Financing. The work was carried out on the topic of the state assignment of the Moscow Hydrophysical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 0555-2021-0004 «Fundamental research of oceanological processes that determine the state and evolution of the marine environment under the influence of natural and anthropogenic factors, based on observation and modeling methods» (cipher «Oceanological processes»).