Zalibekov Z.G., Mamaev S.A., Biarslanov A.B., Asgerova D.B., Magomedov R.A. POTENTIAL OF SOIL COVER BIOPRODUCTIVE RESOURCES: USE AND RENEWABLE SOURCES // Arid ecosystems. 2021. V. 27. № 1 (86). P. 15-23. | PDF
Soil resources are identified by regional factors of soil genetic differences. This approach is a multifunctional basis for soil resources accounting on a global, regional and local scale. Regional factors include the areas of functioning soils and their detailing characteristics: the contours’ dimensions, space measure, their quantity, principles of crossing lines and the turnover frequency. The purpose of this work is to identify the potential of bioproductive processes, where inherent potential of soil areas is marked by an unlimited increase in productivity within the existing soil dimensions and geometric outlines. The main difference is an increase of phytomass and photosynthetic activity of plants on a naturally limited area of soils from using the inexhaustible resources of the sun cosmic energy and the physical and geographical environmental processes. Combinations generated by soil properties and their usage lead to formation of renewable sources categories, compensating for the scarcity of new areas allocated for development.
Kaplina N.F., Kulakova N.Yu. Phytomass and stocks of carbon and nitrogen in the upland oak groves contrasting in productivity in the southern forest-steppe // Arid ecosystems. 2021. V. 27. № 1 (86). P. 35-42. | PDF
The current state of upland oak groves of saline and glague-sedge types in the Tellerman forest has been studied. The phytomass of stands is estimated by model trees taking into account the types of their development according to the original classification based on the morphological indicators. The content and stocks of carbon and nitrogen in the phytomass, litter, and soil were determined. It was found that the phytomass of saline and glague-sedge oak stands was 2 and 1.3 times lower, respectively than in similar stands before the period of oak mass drying in the 1970s — early 1980s. The mass of fallen leaves and litter corresponded to previous values due to development of the lower layer of the forest. The studied oak groves differ most of all in their carbon (7 times) and nitrogen – (5 times) stocks in the phytomass and much less in their stocks in the soil – in 1.4 times, the indicators of capacity — (1.4 times), and rate (1.2 times) of the annual biological cycle. The content of carbon, nitrogen, and non-structural carbohydrates in the oak organs in these groves is similar.
Keyword: phytomass, fallen leaves, litter, carbon and nitrogen stocks in ecosystem, capacity, and rate of the annual biological cycle, type of tree development, recovery of productivity of oak forests.