Malinovskaya Y.V., Minoranskiy V.A. , Kolesnikov S.I. NUMBER OF BREEDING IN THE TERRITORY OF THE ROSTOVSKY RESERVE OF PELICANS (PELECANIDAE) AND THE CAUSES OF FLUCTUATIONS IN NUMBERS // Arid ecosystems. 2021. V.27. № 4 (88). P. 86-92. | PDF
There were estimated a population size and nesting sitesof Dalmatian pelican (Pelicanus crispus) and Great White Pelican (Pelicanus onocrotalus) on Rostov Nature Reserve territory since 1995 to 2020. Establishing the reserve enabled the conservation of the bird species on the territory. The Dalmatian pelican is a near threatened and regularly nesting species and the Great White pelican is the least concern and rarely nesting species what can be explainedby their biological features. In the research there was made a nesting places specification. The research shows that drying out waters, increasing of water salinity, fish resources reduction could be defined as a deterrent factors for population size of the pelican species.
Acknowledgement. The authors were assisted in conducting research by the staff of the Rostov Nature Reserve (A.V. Chekin, L.V. Kletz, A.D. Lipkovich, S.V. Moskalenko, etc.), employees of the Association (V.I. Dankov, A.G. Borodin, etc.) and the SFU (A.V. Tikhonov, Ya.Yu. Podgornaya, etc.), to whom the authors bring sincere gratitude.
Lazareva V.I. CURRENT STATE AND LONG-TERM DYNAMICS OF ZOOPLANKTON OF THE TSIMLYANSK RESERVOIR (DON RIVER, RUSSIA) // Arid ecosystems. 2021. V. 27. № 2 (87). P. 112-119 | PDF
The structure and distribution of zooplankton of the Tsimlyansk Reservoir was studied in August – September 2018. It was shown that the amount of zooplankton was halved from the Upper part of the reservoir (2.4 ± 0.8 g / m3) to the dam of the Tsimlyanskaya hydroelectric station (1.2 ± 0.6 g / m3), Copepoda formed 70% of the biomass. Ponto-Caspian Heterocope caspia and invaders Calanipeda aquaedulcis, Thermocyclops taihokuensis and Acanthocyclops americanus were abundant copepod species. According to literature data, the dynamics of the zooplankton abundance in the reservoir for more than 65 years of its existence (1952–2018) is analyzed. A more than double (up to 2.1 ± 0.5 g / m3) biomass of the community was revealed in 2015–2018 compared with the 40-year period until 2013 (0.8 ± 0.1 g / m3). The trends in the dynamics of the zooplankton abundance in the Tsimlyansk reservoir are discussed, including the importance of the Ponto-Caspian crustaceans and invaders from other regions in the community.
Keywords: Don River, Tsimlyansk reservoir, zooplankton, invaders, structure, abundance, long-term dynamics.
Karimova T.Yu., Lushchekina A.A., Neronov V.M., Pyurvenova N.Yu., Arylov Yu.N. BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SAIGA POPULATION OF THE NORTHWEST PRECASPIAN REGION IN PERIODS DEPENDING ON THE VARIATIONS IN POPULATION SIZE // Arid ecosystems. 2020. V. 26. № 4 (85). P. 51-58. | PDF
The size of the population of the saiga (Saiga tatarica tatarica L., 1766) in the Northwest Precaspian region has remained extremely low over the past 20 years. Comparison of some biological parameters of the population in the periods characterized by different animal numbers revealed some features of the phase of population depression. Thus, apart from the decrease in the numbers of saigas (from 800 thousand in 1958 to 4.5 thousand in 2016), its habitat also decreased (from 60-70 thousand km2 to 2-3 thousand km2, respectively), and a significant part of the population switched to a sedentary lifestyle in the protected areas of the Chernye Zemli ecoregion. The shortage of mature males in the population (less than 10%) over a long time led to a reduction in its growth and, consequently, to a decrease in the numbers. At the same time, the total fertility of females decreased from 1.27 ± 0.25 in the years of high numbers to 0.92 ± 0.39 due to an increase in fertility in different age groups, which resulted from lack of males in the population. More males are born in the population than females (51.9% and 48.1%, respectively). The increased weight of newborn saigas (on average by 100 g in both males and females) and their decreased mortality in the first days after birth (under favorable weather conditions) indirectly indicate the normal process course of embryogenesis and sufficient quantity and quality of feed. An increase in the proportion of mature males will lead to an increase in the population size, reproductive functions of which remained virtually unchanged during its depression.
Key words: saiga, Northwest Caspian region, abundance, age and sex composition, reproductive indicators, spatial distribution.